The soil of the wine region

 

The andesite, pyroxene, rhyolite occurred during the Mesozoic era. Their typical properties include good water supply and water-holding capacity. The vineyards rarely suffer from dryness and from the lack of precipitation even during the very dry summer seasons.

 

The typical soil type around Mád, Tállya and Abaújszántó is the red-brown forest soil. The characteristic soil type around the Tokaj Kopasz Mountain is loess with a very fine composition, which was blown out of the Tisza and the Bodrog rivers’ riverbeds due to partial erosion during the Mesozoic era.

 

Due to the good thermal energy budget of the loess in Tokay, the temperature is higher with 2-3 Celsius and as a result, two - three degrees higher must sugar is produced in these historic south-facing wine areas.

 

The viticulture happens in Tokaj-Hegyalja from 120 meters to 250 meters, but in the skirt areas it happens 200-270 m above the sea level on the eastern, southern and south-western hillsides.

 

Due to the improper planting technology in the 1960s-1970s, the vineyards were placed from the higher, more valuable, steeper mountain sites to the skirt areas, which had negative signs concerning both the quality and the quantity.

 

It is good that today, after the change of the regime, these old vineyards, steep slopes became subject to recultivation, replanting and renovation. A very good example can be seen and experienced at a height of  2-3000 meters above the sea level from the road 37.

 

Tokaj-Hegyalja is a closed historical wine region. We can say about its geographical location, its climate, its soil composition that all the environmental factors are given and are known here that are the most important determining factors of quality in grape-growing.